COVID-19 Plant Medicine Research Flourishes

Over the past two years numerous peer-reviewed studies have tested the ability of plant-based medicines for the treatment and prevention of COVID-19. How have they performed?

A number of studies have now tested plant medicines against the coronavirus.

As you will see from the studies linked in the below table, quite well.

The table below currently has 114 studies. They are alphabetical to author name and the paper or its abstract can be directly accessed simply by clicking the link on the title.

Lectins and COVID-19

There are some exciting studies included in this list. One topic has been covered previously in the Journal of Plant Medicines: Lectins and COVID. That paper discussed the connections between lectins’ ability to combat the first SARS virus and how they are being tested on COVID-19.

Two more recent studies on lectins (Abbas et al. and Ahmed et al. below) takes the research further into studying lectins such as red algae and banana peel against COVID-19.

Artemisia and COVID-19

Another exciting study covers the use of Artemisia plant species, such as Artemisia annua and A. afra.

These plants contain a compound called Artemisinin that has been shown to halt replication of the COVID-19 virus in the body. Artemisia extracts have been shown to also help prevent contraction of the virus.

Artemisinin is the same compound found to inhibit malaria and dengue fever in other research, as we’ve reported.

Read more:  Can Neem Reduce the Risk of Coronavirus Variants?

Ayurveda and the Coronavirus

Yet another intriguing area of study has been the use of Ayurvedic herbal medicines to combat COVID-19. A study we are listing below reviews 51 clinical trials, of which 17 resulted in strong clinical data showing efficacy for different Ayurvedic herbs when applied as co-treatments with COVID-19 patients.

We have also listed some of these clinical trials as well. Herbal compounds such as Ginger, Black pepper, Piper longum, Terminalia cordifolia and others were found within formulations shown to have some success in these studies.

Antiviral Cordyceps

Another interesting compound being investigated is a constituent from the Cordyceps mushroom. This mushroom has long proven to be significantly antiviral. Now scientists have isolated a particular compound from this mushroom, called Cordyceptin. The compound has shown to be antiviral against a number of viruses, now including the coronavirus. Some labs have created an analogue to the natural compound, eyeing the opportunity to patent a drug with this analogue.

Fortunately, nature has already provided the natural medicine with the compound, together with nature’s array of buffers to balance any potential side effects. That’s because nature is smarter than our laboratory techs.

Treatment by African traditional medicine

A 2022 study from Lagos State University (Olubunmi et al. 2022) listed below investigated COVID-19 treatments that were being given by traditional tribal healers among the Awori people in Ojo, Lagos.

The researchers found that the healers used 50 different medicinal plant compounds in their treatments. They found that 18 species were from trees, 15 from herbs, 10 from shrubs and 7 from climbers.

Read more:  Ayurvedic Herbs for Hepatitis B

The most used species, with the highest benefits resulted from:

  • Azadirachta indica (Neem)
  • Allium sativum (Garlic)
  • Zingiber officinale (Ginger)
  • Citrus limon (Lemon)
  • Garcina cola (Bitter cola).

These plants were found by the researchers, “were reported to treat fever, sore throat, dry cough and boost immune system respectively.”

Additional follow up

In the coming days we continue to update the table. We may also expand some of our summary information for some of the more important studies listed below. So please favorite this page and check back for updates!

Recent studies on plant medicines and COVID-19

Lectins Are the Sparkle of Hope for Combating Coronaviruses and the Global COVID-19Abbas, Heba Salah; Kotakonda, Muddukrishnaiah;
Natural Products and Their Promise Against COVID 19Abo-Elghiet, Fatma; Alharbi, Hanan M; Temraz, Abeer;
Plant bioactive compounds affecting biomarkers and final outcome of COVID-19Ackova, Darinka Gjorgieva; Maksimova, Viktorija; Smilkov, Katarina;
Artemisia Extracts and Artemisinin-Based Antimalarials for COVID-19 Management: Could These Be Effective Antivirals for COVID-19 Treatment?Agrawal, Pawan K; Agrawal, Chandan; Blunden, Gerald;
Plant lectins as prospective antiviral biomolecules in the search for COVID-19 eradication strategiesAhmed, Md Nasir; Jahan, Rownak; Nissapatorn, Veeranoot; Wilairatana, Polrat; Rahmatullah, Mohammed;
The role of plant‐derived natural antioxidants in reduction of oxidative stressAkbari, Behnaz; Baghaei‐Yazdi, Namdar; Bahmaie, Manochehr; Mahdavi Abhari, Fatemeh;
Ayurvedic formulations: Potential COVID-19 therapeutics?Ali, Anees Ahmed Mahaboob; Bugarcic, Andrea; Naumovski, Nenad; Ghildyal, Reena;
Scientometric assessment of scientific documents published in 2020 on herbal medicines used for COVID-19Atlasi, Rasha; Ramezani, Aboozar; Tabatabaei-Malazy, Ozra; Alatab, Sudabeh; Oveissi, Vahideh; Larijani, Bagher;
In silico screening of some compounds derived from the desert medicinal plant Rhazya stricta for the potential treatment of COVID-19Baeshen, Nabih A; Albeshri, Abdulaziz O; Baeshen, Naseebh N; Attar, Roba; Karkashan, Alaa; Abbas, Basma; Bouback, Thamer A; Aljaddawi, Abdullah A; Refai, Mohammed Y; Abdelkader, Hayam S;
Effects of Plant Metabolites on the Growth of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-19) Including Omicron StrainBagde, Hiroj; Dhopte, Ashwini;
Inhibition of the SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro main protease by plant polyphenolsBahun, Miha; Jukić, Marko; Oblak, Domen; Kranjc, Luka; Bajc, Gregor; Butala, Matej; Bozovičar, Krištof; Bratkovič, Tomaž; Podlipnik, Črtomir; Ulrih, Nataša Poklar;
A Practical Perspective on the Use of Botanicals During the COVID-19 Pandemic: From Proven to Potential InteractionsBertuccioli, Alexander; Cardinali, Marco; Di Pierro, Francesco; Magi, Simone; Zonzini, Giordano;
Towards finding a cure for COVID-19: the role of African Traditional Medicine as an indicator of developmentBhuda, Monicca; Khazamula, Ennocent;
Traditional Medicinal Plants as the Potential Adjuvant, Prophylactic and Treatment Therapy for COVID-19 Disease: A ReviewBinyane, Moleboheng Emily;
Chemical Composition (a New Chemotype) of Algerian Mugwort (Artemisia Herba-Alba Asso) Essential Oil and His Possible Potential Against COVID-19Boughendjioua, Hicham; Aiouaz, Saida; Medkour, Lamiss; Meramria, Maroua; Metnani, Zeyneb;
Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants of bejaia localities from algeria to prevent and treat coronavirus (COVID-19) infection shortened title: phytomedicine to manage COVID-19 pandemicBrahmi, Fatiha; Iblhoulen, Yassmina; Issaadi, Hanane; Elsebai, Mahmoud Fahmi; Madani, Khodir; Boulekbache-Makhlouf, Lila;
A global picture: therapeutic perspectives for COVID-19Chavda, Vivek P; Kapadia, Carron; Soni, Shailvi; Prajapati, Riddhi; Chauhan, Subhash C; Yallapu, Murali M; Apostolopoulos, Vasso;
Herbal Remedies, Nutraceuticals, and Dietary Supplements for COVID-19 Management: An UpdateChavda, Vivek P; Patel, Aayushi B; Vihol, Disha; Vaghasiya, Darsh D; Ahmed, Khandu Muhammed Saad Bashir; Trivedi, Kushal U; Dave, Divyang J;
Development of plant-made monoclonal antibodies against viral infectionsChen, Qiang;
Can Panax ginseng help control cytokine storm in COVID-19?Choi, Jong Hee; Lee, Young Hyun; Kwon, Tae Woo; Ko, Seong-Gyu; Nah, Seung-Yeol; Cho, Ik-Hyun;
Negative Interference of Ashwagandha, an Indian Ayurveda Medicine Indicated for Preventing COVID-19, in IL-6 ImmunoassayDasgupta, Amitava; Sengupta, Tamal K; Trinh, Elaine M; Russell, Alejandra;
An improved machine-learning approach for COVID-19 prediction using Harris Hawks optimization and feature analysis using SHAPDebjit, Kumar; Islam, Md Saiful; Rahman, Md; Pinki, Farhana Tazmim; Nath, Rajan Dev; Al-Ahmadi, Saad; Hossain, Md; Mumenin, Khondoker Mirazul; Awal, Md;
Plant Secondary Metabolites in Antiviral ApplicationsDhamija, Neeru; Mangla, AnitaGarg;
Nutraceutical potential of Amazonian oilseeds in modulating the immune system against COVID-19–A narrative reviewDos Santos, Orquídea Vasconcelos; Langley, Ana Clara da C Pinaffi; de Lima, Ana Júlia Mota; Moraes, Vinícius Sidonio Vale; Soares, Stephanie Dias; Teixeira-Costa, Barbara Elisabeth;
Medicinal plants with anti-SARS-CoV activity repurposing for treatment of COVID-19 infection: A systematic review and meta-analysisEbenezer, Oluwakemi; Bodede, Olusola; Awolade, Paul; Jordaan, Maryam A; Ogunsakin, Ropo E; Shapi, Michael;
Antiviral activity of plant juices and green tea against SARS‐CoV‐2 and influenza virusEggers, Maren; Jungke, Peggy; Wolkinger, Volker; Bauer, Rudolf; Kessler, Uwe; Frank, Bruno;
The Potential at Phytochemical Compounds from the Indonesian Kalimantan Plant as Covid-19 ImmunomodulatorsFadya, Chairana; Haqiqi, Ahmad Luthfi; Miladdiannur, Annisa; Yati, Monika; Zahra, Ummu Salamah Az; Oktiyani, Neni; Norsiah, Wahdah;
The Effect of Plant Metabolites on Coronaviruses: A Comprehensive Review Focusing on their IC50 Values and Molecular Docking ScoresFarshi, Parastou; Kaya, Eda C; Hashempour-Baltork, Fataneh; Khosravi-Drani, Kianoush;
HYSSOP and POLIUM could help to prevent COVID-19 in high-risk population: The results of a parallel randomized placebo-controlled field trialFazlju, Seyyed Mohammad Bagher; Ahmadian Heris, Javad; Farshbaf-Khalili, Azizeh; Khodadadi, Khodadad; Banagozar Mohammadi, Ahad; Shahabi, Parviz; Dorosti, Abbasali; Hamishekar, Hamed; Naghipour, Bahman; Pourfathi, Hojjat;
Inhibition of SARS-Cov-2 proteases by medicinal plant bioactive constituents: Molecular docking simulationFirdayani, Riswoko; Helianti, I;
The role of diet and supplementation of natural products in COVID-19 preventionGasmi, Amin; Chirumbolo, Salvatore; Peana, Massimiliano; Noor, Sadaf; Menzel, Alain; Dadar, Maryam; Bjørklund, Geir;
Indian spices: past, present and future challenges as the engine for bio‐enhancement of drugs: impact of COVID‐19Gidwani, Bina; Bhattacharya, Ruchi; Shukla, Shiv Shankar; Pandey, Ravindra Kumar;
Identification of potential plant-based inhibitor against viral proteases of SARS-CoV-2 through molecular docking, MM-PBSA binding energy calculations and molecular dynamics simulation.Gogoi B, Chowdhury P, Goswami N, Gogoi N, Naiya T, Chetia P, Mahanta S, Chetia D, Tanti B, Borah P, Handique PJ.
Advancing combination treatment with glycyrrhizin and boswellic acids for hospitalized patients with moderate COVID-19 infection: a randomized clinical trialGomaa, Adel A; Mohamed, Hamdy S; Abd-Ellatief, Rasha B; Gomaa, Mohamed A; Hammam, Doaa S;
Pea eggplant (Solanum torvum Swartz) is a source of plant food polyphenols with SARS-CoV inhibiting potentialGovender N, ZulkifliNS, Hisham NFB, Ghani NSA, Mohamed-Hussein ZA;
Chapter Twelve African traditional healing practices and technology: Implications for COVID-19 treatmentGumbo, Mishack Thiza; Singh-Pillay, Asheena;
COVID-19 in the International Year of Plant HealthGutiérrez-Samperio, José Jorge;
Efficacy and safety of a recombinant plant-based adjuvanted Covid-19 vaccineHager, Karen J; Pérez Marc, Gonzalo; Gobeil, Philipe; Diaz, Ricardo S; Heizer, Gretchen; Llapur, Conrado; Makarkov, Alexander I; Vasconcellos, Eduardo; Pillet, Stéphane; Riera, Fernando;
Efficacy and Safety of a Plant-Based Virus-Like Particle Vaccine for COVID-19 Adjuvanted with AS03Hager, Karen Joyce; Marc, Gonzalo Pérez; Gobeil, Philipe; Diaz, Ricardo Sobhie; Heizer, Gretchen; Llapur, Conrado; Makarkov, Alexander I; Vasconcellos, Eduardo; Pillet, Stephane; Riera, Fernando;
Use of traditional medicine in Algeria as an alternative treatment against COVID-19 in the context of modern medicine: a survey-based studyHamza, H; Mokrani, D; Nia, B; Touil, A;
Herbal medicines to fight against COVID-19: new battle with an old weaponHarwansh, Ranjit K; Bahadur, Shiv;
Can Artemisia herba-alba be useful for managing COVID-19 and comorbidities?Hasan, Anamul; Biswas, Partha; Bondhon, Tohmina Afroze; Jannat, Khoshnur; Paul, Tridib K; Paul, Alok K; Jahan, Rownak; Nissapatorn, Veeranoot; Mahboob, Tooba; Wilairatana, Polrat;
Effect of Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia L.) syrup on olfactory dysfunction in COVID-19 infection: A pilot controlled clinical trialHashem-Dabaghian, Fataneh; Azimi, Sadegh Ali; Bahrami, Mohsen; Latifi, Seied-Amirhossein; Enayati, Ayesheh; Qaraaty, Marzieh;
Efficacy of the barley-based remedy, a Persian medicine formula, in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) hospitalized patients: An open-labeled randomized controlled trialHasheminasab, Fatemeh Sadat; Azimi, Maryam; Khodadoost, Mahmood; Chouban, Bahram; Shakeri, Nezhat; Ghasemi, Saeedeh; Farokhi, Azam; Mokaberinajad, Roshanak;
Beneficial Effects of Herbal and Natural Remedies on the Treatment of COVID-19Hemmati, Ali Asghar; Mojiri-Forushani, Hoda;
A Natural Plant Source-Tea Polyphenols, a Potential Drug for Improving Immunity and Combating VirusHong, Mengyu; Cheng, Lu; Liu, Yanan; Wu, Zufang; Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Xin;
Nigella sativa L. and COVID-19: A Glance at The Anti-COVID-19 Chemical Constituents, Clinical Trials, Inventions, and Patent Literature. Imran M, Khan SA, Abida, Alshammari MK, Alkhaldi SM, Alshammari FN, Kamal M, Alam O, Asdaq SMB, Alzahrani AK, Jomah S.
Use of hyphenated analytical techniques to identify the bioactive constituents of Gunnera perpensa L., a South African medicinal plant, which potently inhibit SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein–host ACE2 bindingInvernizzi, Luke; Moyo, Phanankosi; Cassel, Joel; Isaacs, Freddie J; Salvino, Joseph M; Montaner, Luis J; Tietjen, Ian; Maharaj, Vinesh;
The Potential Effects of Scrophularia Striata Boiss on COVID-19Jafari, Sajjad; Dadmehr, Majid; Sharifi, Yaeghob; Manshouri, Shirin; Kamali, Monireh; Vahidi Emami, Zahra; Rasizadeh, Reyhane; Seif, Farhad;
Investigation on the impact of potential phytocompounds from Curcuma longa against COVID-19Jini, D; Rajapaksha, RMH; Ariya, SS; Joseph, B;
A Computational Approach to Elucidate the Interactions of Chemicals From Artemisia annua Targeted Toward SARS-CoV-2 Main Protease Inhibition for COVID-19 TreatmentJohnson, Titilayo Omolara; Adegboyega, Abayomi Emmanuel; Ojo, Oluwafemi Adeleke; Yusuf, Amina Jega; Iwaloye, Opeyemi; Ugwah-Oguejiofor, Chinenye Jane; Asomadu, Rita Onyekachukwu; Chukwuma, Ifeoma Felicia; Ejembi, Stephen Adakole; Ugwuja, Emmanuel Ike;
Can a plant-based diet help mitigate Covid-19?Kahleova, Hana; Barnard, Neal D;
The use of herbal medicines with antiviral activity of plant origin for the treatment of diseases caused by COVID-19 infectionKapustnik, Yu O; Vlasenko, NO; Chechotina, S Yu;
Plant-derived active compounds as a potential nucleocapsid protein inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2: an in-silico studyKashyap, Dharmendra; Roy, Rajarshi; Kar, Parimal; Jha, Hem Chandra;
Medicinal Plants Against COVID-19Khaliq, Binish; Ali, Naila; Akrem, Ahmed; Ashraf, M Yasin; Malik, Arif; Tahir, Arifa; Zia-Ul-Haq, M;
In-silico studies on wild orange (Citrus macroptera Mont.) compounds against COVID-19 pro-inflammation targetsLala, Mousikha; Bhattacharjee, Soumita; Ghosh, Chandra; Sen, Arnab; Sarkar, Indrani;
Leveraging knowledge of Asian herbal medicine and its active compounds as COVID-19 treatment and prevention [Erratum: January 2022, v. 76 (1), p. 38]Liana, Desy; Phanumartwiwath, Anuchit;
Amomum tsao-ko essential oil, a novel anti-COVID-19 Omicron spike protein natural products: A computational studyLiu, Ju-Zhao; Lyu, Hong-Chang; Fu, Yu-Jie; Cui, Qi;
The importance of using plant resources during COVID-19 pandemics to mitigate daily needs and some diseasesLuo, Binsheng; Bhatt, Arvind;
Exploration of plant-derived natural polyphenols toward COVID-19 main protease inhibitors: DFT, molecular docking approach, and molecular dynamics simulationsMa, Yufei; Tao, Yulian; Qu, Hanyang; Wang, Cuihong; Yan, Fei; Gao, Xiujun; Zhang, Meiling;
Plant based solutions for curing SARS-CoV and related strainsMahajan, Monica; Nehala, Khushboo Bhardwajb; Kaura, Tavleen;
Screening of plant-based natural compounds as a potential COVID-19 main protease inhibitor: an in silico docking and molecular dynamics simulation approachMajumder, Ranabir; Mandal, Mahitosh;
COVID-19 and medicinal plants: A critical perspectiveMathai, Reena V; Jindal, Manoj Kumar; Mitra, Jayati Chatterjee; Sar, Santosh Kumar;
Food, medicinal plants, and homemade beverages, used as a response to the pandemic in Ethiopia: Response of Ethiopian communities to COVID-19 pandemicMEGERSA, MOA; DIDA, GETU; GADISSA, FEKADU; SEBSIBE, AYALEW; GERMAME, ABIGIYA; ALEMAYEHU, GETU; KEBEDE, BERHANU; BEKELE, DEREJE; BELACHEW, SHIFERAW;
The role of natural products from medicinal plants against COVID-19: traditional medicine practice in TanzaniaMlozi, Stephano Hanolo;
In silico analysis of inhibiting papain-like protease from SARS-CoV-2 by using plant-derived peptidesMoradi, Mohammad; Golmohammadi, Reza; Najafi, Ali; Moosazadeh Moghaddam, Mehrdad; Fasihi-Ramandi, Mahdi; Mirnejad, Reza;
Potential clinical applications of phytopharmaceuticals for the in‐patient management of coagulopathies in COVID‐19Mukherjee, Ashis K; Chattopadhyay, Dhruba J;
Role of medicinal plants in inhibiting SARS-CoV-2 and in the management of post-COVID-19 complicationsMukherjee, Pulok K; Efferth, Thomas; Das, Bhaskar; Kar, Amit; Ghosh, Suparna; Singha, Seha; Debnath, Pradip; Sharma, Nanaocha; Bhardwaj, Pardeep; Haldar, Pallab Kanti;
Repositioning Therapeutics for SARS-CoV-2: Virtual Screening of Plant-based Anti-HIV Compounds as Possible Inhibitors against COVID-19 Viral RdRpMurali, Mahadevamurthy; Gowtham, Hittanahallikoppal G; Ansari, Mohammad Azam; Alomary, Mohammad N; Alghamdi, Saad; Almehmadi, Mazen; Singh, Sudarshana Brijesh; Shilpa, Natarajamurthy; Aiyaz, Mohammed; Kalegowda, Nataraj;
Artemisia annua L. hot-water extracts show potent activity in vitro against Covid-19 variants including deltaNair, Manoj S; Huang, Yaoxing; Fidock, David A; Towler, MJ; Weathers, PJ;
Phytotherapy in response to COVID-19 and risks of intoxication: A field study in the city of Meknes (Morocco)Najem, Mariame; Ibijbijen, Jamal; Nassiri, Laila;
Injectable Slow-Release Hydrogel Formulation of a Plant Virus-Based COVID-19 Vaccine CandidateNkanga, Christian Isalomboto; Ortega-Rivera, Oscar A; Shin, Matthew D; Moreno-Gonzalez, Miguel A; Steinmetz, Nicole F;
Natural immunity boosters as therapeutic interventions in the era of COVID-19 pandemic.Noureen, Sibgha; Rehman, Kanwal; Akash, Hamid;
Traditional plant based medicines used for the treatment of COVID-19 symptoms by AWORI tribe in OJO local community of Lagos State, NigeriaOlubunmi J Sharaibi, Omoteso K Oluwa, Kehinde T Omolokun, AbdulAzeez A Ogbe, Hajarat O Banwo and Abdulrazak O. Adebayo
A Review on the Antiviral Activity of Functional Foods Against COVID-19 and Viral Respiratory Tract InfectionsOmer, Abdullah Khalid; Khorshidi, Sonia; Mortazavi, Negar; Rahman, Heshu Sulaiman;
Plant-based vaccines in combat against coronavirus diseasesOrtega-Berlanga, Benita; Pniewski, Tomasz;
Peruvian plants of traditional use as potential sources of molecules with activity against COVID-19Paredes, Guillermo E Delgado; Rojas, Paolo R Delgado; Idrogo, Consuelo Rojas;
Identification of bioactive phytoconstituents from the plant euphorbia hirta as potential inhibitor of sars-cov-2: An in-silico approachParmar, Ghanshyam; Shah, Ashish; Shah, Sapan; Seth, Avinash Kumar;
West African medicinal plants and their constituent compounds as treatments for viral infections, including SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19Popoola, Temidayo D; Segun, Peter A; Ekuadzi, Edmund; Dickson, Rita A; Awotona, Olanrewaju R; Nahar, Lutfun; Sarker, Satyajit D; Fatokun, Amos A;
Herbal Medicine Uses for Respiratory System Disorders and Possible Trends in New Herbal Medicinal Recipes during COVID-19 in Pasvalys District, LithuaniaPranskuniene, Zivile; Balciunaite, Ruta; Simaitiene, Zenona; Bernatoniene, Jurga;
Current Update of Phytotherapeutic Agents in the Treatment of COVID-19: In-Silico Based Virtual Screening Approach for the Development of Antiviral DrugRamesh, Veena; Kulkarni, Seema A; Velusamy, Palaniyandi; Devadasan, Velmurugan; Devaraju, Panneer; Rajnish, Kandathil Narayanan; Madhavan, Thirumurthy; Anbu, Periasamy; Ramasamy, Palaniappan; Sundarraj, Rajamanikandan;
Essential oil nebulization in mild COVID-19 (EONCO): Early phase exploratory clinical trialRathod, Ramya; Mohindra, Ritin; Vijayakumar, Akshay; Soni, Roop Kishor; Kaur, Ramandeep; Kumar, Ankit; Hegde, Naveen; Sharma, Swati; Suri, Vikas; Ghosh, Arnab;
Inhibition of SARS-Cov-2 proteases by medicinal plant bioactive constituents: Molecular docking simulationRiswoko, A; Helianti, I
Less COVID-19 deaths in southern and insular Italy explained by forest bathing, Mediterranean environment, and antiviral plant volatile organic compoundsRoviello, Valentina; Roviello, Giovanni N;
Anti-SARS-CoV-2 Activity of Andrographis paniculata Extract and Its Major Component Andrographolide in Human Lung Epithelial Cells and Cytotoxicity Evaluation in Major Organ Cell RepresentativesSa-Ngiamsuntorn K, Suksatu A, Pewkliang Y, Thongsri P, Kanjanasirirat P, Manopwisedjaroen S, Charoensutthivarakul S, Wongtrakoongate P, Pitiporn S, Chaopreecha J, Kongsomros S, Jearawuttanakul K, Wannalo W, Khemawoot P, Chutipongtanate S, Borwornpinyo S, Thitithanyanont A, Hongeng S.
Medicinal Plant-derived Compounds as Potential Phytotherapy for COVID-19 Disease: A ReviewSalama, M; Rashed, Suzan A; Fayez, Ayat; Hassanein, Sarah S; Sharaby, Muhammed R; Tawfik, Noran M; Mansour, Heba; Adel, Mohamed;
Phytochemicals: A novel antiviral therapeutic approach for prevention of lung injury and respiratory infection during COVID 19Samantaray, Utkalendu Suvendusekhar; Sahu, Samuka; Patro, Arpita;
Structural basis for the inhibition of SARS-CoV2 main protease by Indian medicinal plant-derived antiviral compoundsSaravanan, Konda Mani; Zhang, Haiping; Senthil, Renganathan; Vijayakumar, Kevin Kumar; Sounderrajan, Vignesh; Wei, Yanjie; Shakila, Harshavardhan;
Efficacy of a Persian herbal medicine compound on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a randomized clinical trialSetayesh, Mohammad; Karimi, Mehrdad; Zargaran, Arman; Abousaidi, Hamid; Shahesmaeili, Armita; Amiri, Fatemeh; Hasheminasab, Fatemeh Sadat;
Potential of Prospective Medicinal Plants of Bangladesh for the Complementary Management of COVID-19Shahriar, Saimon; Sarker, Md Moklesur Rahman; Soma, Mahfuza Afroz; Jannat, Tabassum; Mina, Sadia Tasnim; Rahman, Rabita; Rahman, Mohammad Sharifur; Rashid, Mohammad A;
Plant-derived antiviral compounds study for drug designing against replicase polyprotein1ab of SARS-COV2: silico-approach: an in-silico analysisShakeel, Areeba; Javed, Bashah;
Phyto Antitussive Medicines Affect the Cough Treatment for Covid-19’s Children’s PatientsShpati, Kleva;
Interaction of Bioactive Compounds of Moringa oleifera Leaves with SARS-CoV-2 Proteins to Combat COVID-19 Pathogenesis: a Phytochemical and In Silico AnalysisSiddiqui, Sahabjada; Upadhyay, Shivbrat; Ahmad, Rumana; Barkat, Md; Jamal, Azfar; Alothaim, Abdulaziz S; Hassan, Mohd; Rahman, Mohammad Akhlaquer; Arshad, Md; Ahamad, Tanveer;
Virtual screening of phytoconstituents from miracle herb nigella sativa targeting nucleocapsid protein and papain-like protease of SARS-CoV-2 for COVID-19 treatmentSiddiqui, Sahabjada; Upadhyay, Shivbrat; Ahmad, Rumana; Gupta, Anamika; Srivastava, Aditi; Trivedi, Anchal; Husain, Ishrat; Ahmad, Bilal; Ahamed, Maqusood; Khan, Mohsin Ali;
Profiling Some Plant-based Immunomodulatory Bioactive Compounds for COVID-19 Prophylaxis and Treatment Based on Indian Traditional MedicineSingh, Prakrity; Pandit, Shraddha; Parthasarathi, Ramakrishnan;
COVID-19: General strategies for herbal therapiesSoleymani, Samaneh; Naghizadeh, Ayeh; Karimi, Mehrdad; Zarei, Azadeh; Mardi, Raefeh; Kordafshari, Gholamreza; Esmaealzadeh, Niusha; Zargaran, Arman;
Education on The Use of Herbal Medicines for The Prevention and Treatment of Covid-19Sovia, Evi; Ratwita, Welly; Djamaludin, Maman;
Exploring nature’s bounty: identification of Withania somnifera as a promising source of therapeutic agents against COVID-19 by virtual screening and in silico evaluationSrivastava, Aditi; Siddiqui, Sahabjada; Ahmad, Rumana; Mehrotra, Sudhir; Ahmad, Bilal; Srivastava, AN;
Medicinal plant use, conservation, and the associated traditional knowledge in rural communities in Eastern UgandaSsenku, Jamilu E; Okurut, Shaban A; Namuli, Aidah; Kudamba, Ali; Tugume, Patience; Matovu, Paul; Wasige, Godfrey; Kafeero, Hussein M; Walusansa, Abdul;
Six Applications of Plant Based Diets for Health PromotionStancic, Saray; Cullimore, Josh; Barnard, Neal;
Plant-Derived Human Vaccines: Recent DevelopmentsStander, Jennifer; Mbewana, Sandiswa; Meyers, Ann E;
Family Medicine Plants in the Covid-19 Pandemic Based on Ancient Sundanese ManuscriptsSumarlina, Elis Suryani Nani; Darsa, Undang Ahmad; Permana, Rangga Saptya Mohamad;
Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Long COVID: Scoping Review and Bibliometric AnalysisTae-Hun, Kim; Sae-Rom, Jeon; Jung Won, Kang; Kwon, Sunoh
Plant Polysaccharides Modulate Immune Function via the Gut Microbiome and May Have Potential in COVID-19 TherapyTang, Mengsheng; Cheng, Lu; Liu, Yanan; Wu, Zufang; Zhang, Xin; Luo, Songmei;
Computational modeling predicts potential effects of the herbal infusion “horchata” against COVID-19Tejera, Eduardo; Pérez-Castillo, Yunierkis; Toscano, Gisselle; Noboa, Ana Lucía; Ochoa-Herrera, Valeria; Giampieri, Francesca; Álvarez-Suarez, José M;
Evaluation of the effects of peppermint on improving the function of the respiratory system in COVID-19 infectionTeymoori, Sabereh;
Frequently Used Allopathic and Traditional Medicine for COVID-19 Treatment and Feasibility of Their IntegrationUpadhayay, Aditya; Patel, Gopal; Pal, Dharm; Kumar, Awanish;
Cordycepin: a bioactive metabolite of C ordyceps militaris and polyadenylation inhibitor with therapeutic potential against COVID-19Verma, Akalesh Kumar
Molecular simulation of compounds from n-hexane fraction of Sonchus arvensis L. leaves as SARS-CoV-2 antiviral through inhibitor activity targeting strategic viral proteinWahyuni DK, Sumrit Wacharasindhu, Wichanee Bankeeree, Hunsa Punnapayak, Hery Purnobasuki, Junairiah, Arif NM Ansori, Viol Dhea Kharisma, Arli Aditya Parikesit, Listyani Suhargo, Sehanat Prasongsuk
Traditional Chinese medicine treatment for COVID-19: An overview of systematic reviews and meta-analysesWu, Han-ting; Ji, Cong-hua; Dai, Rong-chen; Hei, Pei-jie; Liang, Juan; Wu, Xia-qiu; Li, Qiu-shuang; Yang, Jun-chao; Mao, Wei; Guo, Qing;
Tea Polyphenols Prevent and Intervene in COVID-19 through Intestinal MicrobiotaXiang, Qiao; Cheng, Lu; Zhang, Ruilin; Liu, Yanan; Wu, Zufang; Zhang, Xin;
Questionnaires assessing the anxiety alleviation benefits of indoor plants for self-isolated population during COVID-19Yan, Lianyu; Liu, Fudan; Meng, Xi;
Potential benefits of ginseng against COVID-19 by targeting inflammasomesYi, Young-Su;
Critical role of Hyssop plant in the possible transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in contaminated human Feces and its implications for the prevention of the virus spread in sewageZahmatkesh, Sasan; Klemeš, Jiří Jaromír; Bokhari, Awais; Wang, Chongqing; Sillanpaa, Mika; Hasan, Mudassir; Amesho, Kassian TT;
Effect of Qingfei Paidu decoction combined with Western medicine treatments for COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysisZhang, Lei; Ma, Yan; Shi, Nannan; Tong, Lin; Liu, Si-hong; Ji, Xinyu; Chen, Renbo; Fan, Yipin; Liang, Ning; Ge, Youwen;


  • Case Adams, PhD

    Ph.D. in Natural Health Sciences, Doctorate in Integrative Health Sciences, Board Certified Alternative Medicine Practitioner, California Naturopath. Diplomas in Blood Chemistry, Clinical Nutritional Counseling, Homeopathy, Aromatherapy, Colon Hydrotherapy, certificates in Pain Management and Case Management/Contact Tracing. Has authored more than 30 books and hundreds of periodical articles on natural medicine. Recreational activities include surfing, sailing, running, biking, swimming, SUPing, hiking. Contact: case(at)caseadams(dot)com.

  • Alex Barnard, PhD

    Alex is a scientist, father, educator, and surfer. He has a PhD degree in geoscience and has studied Traditional Chinese Medicine. Alex runs his own school, is an international surf team manager, and is a member of the review board of two academic journals.

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