Study: Pomegranate and Chamomile Reduce Bleeding Gums

gums and chamomile

Bleeding gums helped by plant medicine combination.

Research has found that extracts of pomegranate and chamomile heal bleeding gums.

Bleeding gum patients tested

The researchers from Brazil’s Paraíba State University tested 56 patients who had bleeding gums and gingivitis. They were split into three groups and each rinsed twice daily with an assigned rinse for 15 days. One group rinsed with chamomile extract, another group rinsed with pomegranate extract and a third group rinsed with chlorhexidine.

The patients were tested for bleeding gums at the beginning of the study, after seven days and after 15 days. The researchers found that all three extracts acted similarly and reduced gum bleeding significantly.

Chamomile and pomegranate reduced infective bacteria

The chamomile and pomegranate had antimicrobial effects, as they reduced pathogenic oral bacteria significantly.

These included Streptococcus mitis and Streptococcus sangus, which are known to accumulate as biofilm and excrete toxins that produce inflammation, pain and bleeding. These same toxins can also leak into the blood stream where they can damage blood vessel walls, tissues and organs.

Chamomile (Matricaria recutita Linn.) contains several flavonoids and terpenoids, which have been shown to be antimicrobial as well as reduce inflammation and spasms.

Pomegranate (Punica granatum Linn.), is also antimicrobial but it is also antioxidant and stimulates the immune system. These are typically attributed to its alkaloid content – including tannins. The peel of the Pomegranate tends to contain the highest medicinal properties in the fruit.

Read more:  Nuts and Heart Disease

Pomegranate rinse reduces plaque

A 2011 study from the  SDM College of Dental Sciences and Hospital in India tested 30 volunteers. For four days they rinsed with either pomegranate, chlorohexidine or distilled water (the placebo). They researchers tested each patient for plaque before and afterward. They also tested the patients’ mouths for infective oral bacteria:

  • Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Prevotella intermedia

After the four days, the researchers found the pomegranate extract reduced plaque and reduced the oral bacteria similarly with the chlorhexidine. Both were significantly better than the distilled water. The researchers concluded:

“Pomegranate mouthrinse should be explored as a long-term antiplaque rinse with prophylactic benefits.”

Problems with chlorhexidine

Chlorhexidine is a popular antimicrobial gingivitis treatment that can reduce pathogenic oral bacteria, but comes with negative effects, including staining of the tongue and dental work, increased teeth sensitivity and oral scaling. Chlorhexidine has been linked with allergies. It also tastes bad and can ruin the taste of the next meal or two.

One of the problems with the antimicrobial nature of chlorhexidine is that it also wipes out the beneficial (probiotic) bacteria of the oral cavity. This allows the pathogenic bacteria to regrow without any challengers.

Tests with pomegranate and chamomile have not established whether they also cause probiotic die-off. But other research has shown that plant-based fibers support the regrowth of probiotic colonies.

oral probiotics

Learn about oral probiotics and support this ad-free site.



Batista AL, Lins RD, de Souza Coelho R, do Nascimento Barbosa D, Moura Belém N, Alves Celestino FJ. Clinical efficacy analysis of the mouth rinsing with pomegranate and chamomile plant extracts in the gingival bleeding reduction. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2014 Feb;20(1):93-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2013.08.002.

Read more:  Seaweed Extracts Fight Gum Disease

Bhadbhade SJ, Acharya AB, Rodrigues SV, Thakur SL. The antiplaque efficacy of pomegranate mouthrinse. Quintessence Int. 2011 Jan;42(1):29-36.

Adams C. Oral Probiotics: Fighting Tooth Decay, Periodontal Disease and Airway Infections Using Friendly Bacteria. Logical Books, 2012.


  • Case Adams, Naturopath

    California Naturopath, Ph.D. in Natural Health Sciences, Doctorate in Integrative Health Sciences, Board Certified Alternative Medicine Practitioner. Diplomas in Blood Chemistry, Clinical Nutritional Counseling, Homeopathy, Aromatherapy, Colon Hydrotherapy, certificates in Pain Management and Case Management/Contact Tracing. Has authored more than 30 books and hundreds of periodical articles on natural medicine. Recreational activities include surfing, sailing, running, biking, swimming, SUPing, hiking. Contact: case(at)caseadams(dot)com. [email protected] Adams, Naturopath Case

You may also like...

This site is Copyright Protected